Equipment Appraisal Blog | Understanding Machinery Appraisals

How Banks and Lending Institutions Consider Current Market Values

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Tue, May 03, 2022 @ 10:00 AM


Machinery and Equipment Appraisal Appraiser Used Equipment Values Financing

As many are witnessing significant increases in residential and commercial real estate market prices and rental rates, due to the economic issues facing the country, the used machinery & equipment sales have experienced similar price adjustments. While appraisers and resellers can research and support these inflated prices based on actual sales, many banks and financial services companies are taking a more conservative approach when it comes to lending practices.

Still stinging from prior market “bubbles” which ultimately popped and led to significant defaults and write-offs in past decades, these equipment and real property borrowing sources are taking a more conservative approach when approving loans and investments using these assets as collateral.

Even before this most recent wave of used property value spikes, lenders would typically approve based on 60-80% of fair market value or 80-100% of an orderly type of liquidation value. This was considered normal business practice and for the most part, continues today. The biggest change we are seeing now is they are not taking every appraisal at face value with an understanding that current market conditions are in certain cases, unprecedented, with price increases at a dramatically high level.

Lending institutions are looking back at previous market levels for similar properties and equipment, and attempting to support a more reasonable value that will hold up over the long term. The biggest concern to owners and buyers looking to borrow or refinance is the lower level of funds approved, requiring a larger out-of-pocket cash down payment on the assets.

It is prudent to keep this information in mind as you look to acquire used machinery & equipment over the next year. While you may have no choice about the price you’re paying for these assets, the lending markets are becoming savvier in their approval practices, which will require more flexibility when settling up with sellers. If possible, try to keep an extra amount of cash on hand available to fill in the gaps.

Tags: bank financing collateral, asset appraisals, accredited appraisers, Machinery & Equipment Appraisals, financing

How do Banks and Leasing Companies Measure Equipment Value?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, May 17, 2021 @ 08:00 AM

Equipment Appraisal Financing Leasing

In a recent blog post in early May, we talked about the many reasons a company will need to obtain an updated equipment appraisal to get the most out of a business goal or requirement. One of the primary issues we discussed pertained to traditional bank financing and equipment leasing.

The next step in understanding how these appraisals can work best for your business, we will need to see through the eyes of your bank and leasing company as they determine the right level of value to consider when making investment decisions.

Here are the most commonly utilized values and their American Society of Appraisers (ASA) definitions.

Fair Market Value (FMV)

Fair Market Value is an opinion expressed in terms of money, at which the property would change hands between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither being under any compulsion to buy or to sell and both having reasonable knowledge of relevant facts, as of a specific date.

Orderly Liquidation Value (OLV)

Orderly Liquidation Value is an opinion of the gross amount, expressed in terms of money, that typically could be realized from a liquidation sale, given a reasonable period of time to find a purchaser (or purchasers), with the seller being compelled to sell on an as-is, where-is basis, as of a specific date.

Forced Liquidation Value (FLV)

Forced Liquidation Value is an opinion of the gross amount, expressed in terms of money, that typically could be realized from a properly advertised and conducted public auction, with the seller being compelled to sell with a sense of immediacy on an as-is, where-is basis, as of a specific date.

When any type of financing or leasing is involved, these parties may independently determine which value they would prefer to weigh, and in many cases, they look at all three. Every private and government-owned (ex.: SBA) financial institution has its own internal policies to abide by. What we most commonly see when appraisals pertain to bank financing is that Orderly Liquidation Value tends to be the primary focus. A lot of banks also have percentage tables they are willing to lend from, such as 70% of Fair Market Value or 80% of Orderly Liquidation, for example.

Equipment leasing companies may take a slightly more aggressive stance on valuing machinery & equipment as they are technically the owners of the assets and may have more extensive experience and knowledge in certain industries. A “sale-leaseback” is a common term where the business purchases your assets and leases them back to you under a monthly rental payment plan. This sale may be completed at Fair Market Value and, to offset their potential investment risk, they might collect a security deposit or similar resource as “additional collateral” in the transaction. Any sale back to the business at the end of the lease term is almost always at Fair Market Value.

In any of these cases, I would suggest having the appraiser estimate both FMV & OLV and try to avoid FLV, as this value is akin to an auction, which is at a lower value level, and doesn’t pertain to an ongoing business where your machinery & equipment is hard at work. And as always, ensure the appraiser you hire is accredited by the ASA.

Tags: equipment leasing, equipment valuation, Machinery & Equipment Appraisals, financing

5 Ways an Equipment Appraisal Helps in Getting Financing

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Nov 30, 2020 @ 08:30 AM

Equipment Appraisal to Secure Financing


Whether you are acquiring a new business, expanding your capital asset requirements or restructuring debt, searching for available financing is a critical part of the process. In any of  these cases, if your operation includes machinery & equipment, obtaining a current asset valuation will be an important step. An equipment appraisal will help document your business' assets, adjust the depreciated values on your balance sheet to realistic market data and assist potential lenders in getting your credit approved.

Here are some other benefits of having a current machinery valuation completed for financial service providers and equity investors:

An equipment appraisal provides verification of your company s existing assets. If you have equipment with existing loans & liens associated with them, the lender/investor can use the information provided in the appraisal to determine how much equity you may or may not have accrued. The appraisal also estimates the current market value of the machinery instead of relying on an internal pre-determined depreciation schedule that likely will not show an accurate picture of your business' financial health.

The appraisal supports the value of the machinery you are purchasing or refinancing. When you are considering used equipment, it can be difficult to find an objective source to assist in understanding the marketplace and how it reflects back on your business . An equipment appraiser is an unbiased third  party, with no stake in the larger transaction, and therefore, is relied upon as a credible service provider by all lending institutions.

An equipment valuation can provide this same information to related third parties such as insurance agents and property tax assessors so that you're receiving adequate coverage and not overpaying your share of taxes. This also assists the lending institutions who want to be confident they are covered in the event of any casualty loss.

Financial institutions also work with government lenders such as the Small Business Administration, who have their own set of requirements for approving loans. If you qualify for these beneficial programs, it is important to ensure you can meet these requirements for a small business loan, whether you are just starting out, expanding your company or to help with a temporary cash flow situation.

By keeping these circumstances in mind, having a machinery and equipment appraisal performed by a qualified machinery appraiser will make your financing collateral review process go much more smoothly. Make sure the equipment appraiser is a member of the American Society of Appraisers and is current with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP), which requires certified updates every two years.

Tags: Equipment Appraisal, bank loan, financing