Equipment Appraisal Blog | Understanding Machinery Appraisals

Components of a Reliable, Supportable Machinery & Equipment Appraisal

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Sep 20, 2021 @ 08:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisal Accredited Appraiser Report Key Components

An accredited, reliable, and defensible equipment appraisal should include at least three components: a USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) and ASA (American Society of Appraisers) compliant narrative summary report discussing the valuation methodologies and conclusions; an appendix that itemizes the assets that include associated details; and photographs of the equipment.

The narrative report is structured fairly consistently throughout every valuation, with the appraiser focusing on the processes, methodologies, scope of work, assignment summary, definitions used, research, market and industry sources utilized, and the value conclusions.

The photographs are self-explanatory, and ideally include a couple of images of each item along with the machine ID tags, which verify the specifications of the equipment. There are exceptions when photographs cannot be obtained in certain cases, and the appraiser can usually make allowances for this without compromising the integrity of the valuation.

The most important component, in my opinion, is the itemized asset detail, typically listed as an appendix to the report. This document is the backbone of the appraisal and includes the data necessary to document the transaction for which the appraisal is to be used. Regardless of the number of assets involved, this detail is useful for the business owner’s internal accounting and tax records, as well as providing documentation for third parties, such as investors, banks, financial institutions, and tax authorities, when they secure or review their collateral interests.

This detailed appendix should include the following information for each line item asset being appraised:

Description/Equipment Type: (Ex: Hydraulic Excavator or Vertical Machining Center)

Make/Manufacturer (Ex: Caterpillar, Mitsubishi)

Model #

Serial #

Year Manufactured or Effective Age, if Unknown or Refurbished (Common for Older Assets to Extend Their Useful Life)

Additional Specifications and Comments Section (Ex: Condition if other than normal or good; Capacity, Hours/Mileage, Attachments)

Estimated Individual Values and Summary Totals

The report narrative summary will generally only reference the total value for all the assets appraised and refer to this appendix for the itemized detail.

It is not uncommon for clients to request this detail in a separate workable file, so they can better utilize the data as well as transfer it to their internal documents. This is generally acceptable to the appraiser, with the firm understanding that the data itself will not be altered. As long as the appraiser retains the original files, any potential disputes on this issue can be easily remedied.

In summary, when you are considering engaging an equipment appraiser, ensure that these component documents will be part of the overall valuation report and that you are working with an experienced accredited, ASA machinery appraiser.

Tags: machinery & equipment appraisal, appraisal report, equipment valuation, reliable, supportable

Desktop vs. On-site Equipment Appraisals-Determining the Best Option

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Sep 06, 2021 @ 09:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisal On-Site vs Desktop

Every equipment appraisal can be classified as either a desktop or an on-site. A desktop is one in which the equipment is not physically viewed by the appraiser, who instead relies on the client to provide the necessary data required to properly describe, identify and value the property. The on-site option includes the appraiser personally inspecting the assets during the initial phase of the project to obtain all this information directly.

There are pros and cons to each option, and given the circumstances of each project, one may clearly be more preferred, while in other cases, it will come down to a decision based on cost, efficiency, and/or logistics. If the appraiser you’re working with is highly experienced, they can often suggest the better option based on their understanding of the overall scope of work and the asset mix. Either way, both options are reliable, defensible, and supportable, as long as the appraiser obtains the necessary data to get the job done.

Here are a few of the important factors that go into the determination of engaging in a desktop vs. an on-site equipment appraisal:

Quality of the Data Available: Depending on the level of detail provided by the client, and their ability to obtain the necessary specifications and photographs for the equipment, an on-site valuation may be the most effective option.

Number of Assets and Overall Value: Generally speaking, the larger the transaction and the greater the number of assets, the more likely an on-site appraisal would be preferred. There are typically adjustments, such as new assets purchased and older machinery being retired, that don’t show up on the available listings and can be verified on-site. In addition, the higher appraisal fees associated with personal inspections can be better justified in relation to the overall project.

Cost: The travel and expenses of the appraiser getting to the site(s) and spending the necessary time to inspect, take photographs, meet and interview key company personnel needs to be weighed against the benefits. Locality: The ease, or lack thereof, of traveling to the facility. If the business is close to a major city or way out in a very rural environment, may factor into the decision. Spending an inordinate amount of time getting to and from the sites can oftentimes create a cost inefficiency.

Timing: If there is a very tight timeline to complete the valuation, the desktop option may be the only reasonable approach to meet the delivery deadline. Scheduling and executing the on-site work can take anywhere from a few days to a couple of weeks.

Transactional Hurdles: Depending on the client and scope of work, it may be a requirement to include an on-site personal inspection by the appraiser as part of the process. This may come into play with financial institutions, the SBA, litigation cases, business disputes, and tax authorities.

As an appraiser, completing the site work independently results in a better understanding of the specific business application of the assets and allows for greater control over the data gathering process, while providing a hands-on personal experience. However, as long as the information available to the appraiser is of reasonable quality, the desktop option will be more than adequate. In all cases, the machinery & equipment appraiser should be able to guide you through the scope of work process which will ultimately determine the best options for you.

Tags: machinery & equipment appraisal, desktop appraisal, accredited appraisers, equipment valuation, on-site appraisal, inspection