Equipment Appraisal Blog | Understanding Machinery Appraisals

How Investors and Financial Institutions View Collateral

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Apr 18, 2022 @ 07:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisals Collateral Financing Asset Types

Whether you work at a conventional bank, leasing company, investment house, or private equity firm, there are several options when it comes to mitigating the risk involved with short and long-term lending. The phrase "collateral" can mean any number of different types of assets that the targeted business has available to pledge as security in a transaction. Depending on the type of company doing the lending or investing, they will identify and independently value the collateral as part of the deal structure.

The following assets are considered the most common collateral:

Tangible Asset Types:

Real Property - Buildings, land, improvements, and certain fixtures

Machinery & Equipment - Typically applied to commercial and industrial business-owned assets. Common examples are construction equipment, trucks, trailers, and machine shops.

Personal Property - Typically identified for individuals and residential properties. Common examples are cash, furniture, household goods, jewelry, and artwork.

Intangible Asset Types: Stocks, bonds, business goodwill, patents, trademarks, customer lists/relationships, established websites, domain names, intellectual property, and trademarks.

From the perspective of conventional banks and leasing companies, tangible assets drive the collateral value assessment when working with businesses or individuals that own a significant amount of real estate and equipment. These organizations understand the overall company value is significantly higher than the sum of the tangible property, however, the ability to “touch and feel” the assets which secure their investment loans and leases brings a higher comfort level.

They are generally in for the long haul with their clients, sticking with them for several years while looking to provide competitive interest rates.

Investment houses, private equity firms, and similar institutions typically take a shorter-term look at the business which creates an opportunity to consider intangible as well as tangible assets when approving and collateralizing transactions. Simply put, overall business value, which combines every asset type into the appraisal equation, is a useful tool for these investors to assess their risk level.

This strategy is logical given the low probability that a significant change in the business will occur when viewing it from a 12-24 month perspective vs. the longer-term bank and leasing company directives.

In summary, collateral is a key component of virtually every investment transaction in the marketplace. Determining the types of assets which will secure these deals depends on the risk profile each company puts into practice. When considering utilizing these types of financial institutions and investment firms, ensure you understand these factors before committing to a business partner.

Tags: bank financing collateral, Machinery & Equipment Appraisals, Tangible Assets, collateral, Intangible Assets

Equipment Appraisals are More Like Puzzles than Math Problems

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Apr 04, 2022 @ 07:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisal Appraiser Accredited Experienced

Those unfamiliar with the methodologies and approaches equipment appraisers utilize in their work, commonly believe we are very similar to accountants, who analyze data and perform calculations to arrive at a factual conclusion. While there is certainly some mathematical analysis involved in an equipment appraisal, the ultimate conclusions opined on have a degree of subjectivity given the incongruities often found in the available information uncovered.

Even an asset as straightforward as a truck or trailer can have any number of differing market opinions and comparables to review and consider, before ultimately determining a reasonable value.

A more appropriate example would be that of a jigsaw puzzle, where several of the pieces don’t quite fit. The pieces come from three typical buckets of historical and current information, including (1) secondary market comparable sales and listings; (2) estimated replacement cost new, opinions on useful life and average market-derived depreciation; and (3) specifics on the actual machinery being appraised, such as historical costs, specifications, usage, hours/miles, and maintenance.

All of these three areas should be researched and considered as part of the build-out of the puzzle. However, given the potentially large amount of information compiled from these buckets, there will always be pieces that need to be adjusted in order to make sense of the overall picture. I have found it is rare when it all fits together perfectly and, therefore, the final conclusions of value require some subjective decision-making on the part of the appraiser.

This is where experience, common sense, and practicality all make a difference in the final steps of the analysis. A+B+C will not always equal D and is not just a straight-line calculation. Quite frankly, this is a primary reason experienced appraisers are utilized in business transactions and is what separates a really good appraiser from an average one.

The ability to take a step back and make sense of all the information to ultimately conclude on value is a nuanced effort that should be supported by reasonable logic. When you place the last pieces and see the complete puzzle, there may be a few gaps and some bent edges, but the overall picture is clear enough to make sense of it all.

Tags: machinery & equipment appraisal, accredited appraisers, equipment valuation, experienced