Equipment Appraisal Blog | Understanding Machinery Appraisals

Intended Users and Specific Purposes For Valuation Assignments

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Mar 21, 2022 @ 07:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisal Report Used In Future Litigation

Accredited and certified appraisers are responsible for certain hours of continuing education to maintain their credentials. As part of this perpetual training and learning experience, there are numerous requirements we adhere to that pertain to each valuation assignment and scope of work effort. Two of these important prerequisites dictate that every report must have a specific use or uses, as well as defined intended users. If the client uses the report for another reason or discloses it to parties unnamed, this is a violation of the engagement terms.

Here is a great example of why this is important to an appraisal assignment.

Potential Future Business Disputes and Litigation Unrelated to the Prior Valuation

Let me preface this by saying there are many instances where an experienced appraiser will be engaged to value businesses, machinery & equipment, personal or real property, as an independent expert, in support of an existing dispute or ongoing litigation. This is one of the primary reasons to engage with an appraiser, to facilitate a settlement, or in support of a trial or arbitration.

There are times when, months or even years later, the client who originally engaged the appraiser for a completely different purpose, such as a sale, purchase, or refinancing, is involved with a future dispute that leads to litigation. Somehow, the old appraisal gets drawn into the case, likely, because the value of certain assets has become a factor in the dispute. Lo and behold, the report is now being thrown around the courts between opposing sides of the case. The appraiser is ultimately dragged into the conflict, unwittingly, and is being asked to present confidential data, and potentially be subpoenaed or testify at a later date.

As long as there are clear statements in the engagement agreement and report regarding the intended purpose and users for the valuation, in addition to a clause addressing client confidentiality, the appraiser is protected from involuntarily being dragged into the proceedings.

The prior client and appraiser need time to directly discuss the case and the reason why the original valuation report might be used. During this discussion, it should be determined who may be involved in engaging the appraiser for what is now considered a new consulting and updated valuation assignment. I’m highlighting this phrase so it is clearly understood, there needs to be a professional discussion between the prior client, attorneys and courts involved, so the appraiser can be comfortable that:

  1. There are no potential disclosure issues involved.
  2. They are the ones allowing (or disallowing) the prior report to become part of the case.
  3. They are entering into a new engagement with the appropriate parties to present any data related to the prior work, begin a new consulting assignment, and/or update the report.

This is the appraiser’s work product, and there are obligations and privileges which need to be recognized by any and all parties now involved with the litigation dispute. Any future work requested should be compensated by the new clients, based on the current rates of the appraiser.

In summary, documentation requirements required by the governing appraisal bodies, such as intended users and report purposes, are important for the appraiser and their clients to understand so any future developments are handled professionally and sensibly.

Tags: Litigation, appraisal report, Machinery & Equipment Appraisals, best practice

Appraising Machinery & Equipment in Emerging and Expanding Markets

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Mar 07, 2022 @ 07:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisals Expanding Changing Markets

When appraisers are tasked with valuing equipment in industries which are continuously evolving due to events such as technology improvement, law and regulation revisions, or new government initiatives, how do they adapt to the likelihood there will be limited market data and comparable resale information available to consider.

Some of these ever-growing markets include biotech, cannabis, solar energy, and electric-powered vehicles. There are businesses popping up all the time in support of these industries that need capital to withstand the early stages of growth and become successful. The assets of these companies will be limited to the property and equipment being acquired to operate, with many types of machinery having little to no resale history to research and estimate value for.

The fact is that appraisers come across these types of challenges quite often, even with long-established businesses that operate customized equipment with similar limitations in the secondary marketplace. So how do they adjust their approach knowing that comparable sales data will be virtually non-existent for these types of machinery?

Fortunately, an experienced, accredited appraiser understands there are two primary methodologies that are established and supportable, especially when used in tandem, to complete a reliable and defendable equipment valuation. Once it is determined that comparable equipment resale data will not be a factor to consider, the appraiser will look to contact the manufacturers and vendors involved with the specific build, as well as similar types of equipment in the market.

The focus of the discussions should revolve around opinions of replacement cost new, useful life, and reasonable levels of market depreciation expected over this period. They can also gather general research on the equipment and overall marketplace available from relevant third-party websites with experience in the industry, to better understand the ability to resell the equipment in the future.

Another important component will be obtaining and reviewing the actual investment for the equipment, including the purchase price and costs associated with the installation. This can be found in documents such as purchase orders, quotes, invoices, and capital asset accounting records.

Once the research is completed in these areas, the appraiser can reasonably estimate value for these more unique and specialized assets, that have little to no resale history associated with them. The ability to still consider market sources under this type of approach will balance the investment cost information provided by the business, resulting in a reliable appraisal.

These emerging and expanding markets will eventually have a history that an appraiser can rely on going forward, however, the ability to adapt and utilize the resources available in these early stages, is critical to meet the current challenges appraisers face today.

Tags: valuation, machinery & equipment appraisal, ASA accredited appraiser, emerging markets, expanding markets