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What Are Some Common Points in All Kinds of Crane Valuation?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Nov 11, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

Valuation of Cranes

Crane valuation can seem like a complicated process, especially when there are a range of different types of cranes being considered. However, there are also a certain amount of common areas between all types of cranes. How does the condition of these different areas impact the overall value of the crane? Here's a quick look at common points in crane appraisal, regardless of the type of crane that is involved.

What Are Some Common Points in All Kinds of Crane Valuation?

  • Types of Cranes Appraised: What kind of crane is being valued? There are a wide range of different crane types, which often have very different values. Maybe you need a telescoping crane valued that is used for transporting materials to areas of different heights. A crawler crane used to navigate poor soil conditions may have very different appraisal points than a tower crane used to lift materials up to the top of a skyscraper. Knowing what type of crane is involved helps the appraiser move on to the next steps.
  • Hydraulics and Mechanical Systems: As the heart of any crane, poorly-functioning hydraulics or mechanical systems can lead to early failure or reduce the expected useful lifespan of the equipment. The appraiser will take a solid look at the functionality of the equipment, possibly taking into account fluids tests, stress tests and video to determine whether everything is functioning as it should be.
  • History of Repairs and Maintenance: Time to dig out your maintenance and repair logs! By looking over this paperwork, the valuation specialist can get a good picture of whether the equipment has been properly maintained and whether it was immediately taken out of service when a problem was noted or if it continued in use, which may impact its expected remaining useful lifespan, which in turn will impact its value.
  • Manufacturer and Model: Just like cars, some manufacturers and specific models will have a reputation for longevity and durability, while others do not. This information will be taken into account by the equipment appraiser during the valuation process as they consider how well that manufacturer and model have held up in the field in the past. As you may expect, equipment that performs well for a longer length of time has a much better value than equipment that performs poorly or fails early.
  • Additional Kits or Options: If you've upgraded your equipment after you purchased it or paid more for specific options, your equipment valuation specialist will take that additional value and functionality into account when the crane is being valued. This can include an upgraded radiator kit to improve cooling, a stronger hydraulic system for a boom or any number of other options that may have been improved during or after purchase.

By having a better idea of how crane valuation is approached regardless of the type of crane involved, you can make a better judgment call when purchasing your next crane. But what if you need to know the value of a crane that you currently own or are considering purchasing or selling? If you're making this type of investment in your business, it's important to have an equipment appraisal performed by an accredited valuation specialist. Working with an accredited appraiser ensures that your interests are protected during the process.

Tags: Crane Appraisals

Exactly What's Involved in an Earth Moving Equipment Appraisal?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Oct 28, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

earth moving equipment

Whatever portion of the construction industry you're in, heavy equipment is quite possibly a big part of your daily life. Because this machinery can cost a pretty penny, it's important to know how to leverage those assets to your company's best benefit. But how do you know exactly what those machines are worth? Though they may be fully depreciated on your books because of the way business taxes work, they still have value. The best way to learn what your machinery is worth is through an earth moving equipment appraisal. Here's a look at how this type of equipment valuation works.

 

Exactly What's Involved in an Earth Moving Equipment Appraisal?

You probably have an idea of what your equipment was worth when you first purchased it, and you may have a rough idea of what you can sell it for used at end of life. But in the middle, between these two extremes, there is an entire range of possible values that will need to be carefully calculated. This is best handled by an accredited appraiser who can act as an independent third party, rather than working with an equipment dealer who may have their own interests in the process.

First, the appraiser will find out the basic information about your equipment, including the manufacturer and the model. This is because much like automobiles, different equipment will have a different expectation for total useful lifespan. If you have two pieces of equipment side-by-side, one may only expect to be useful for 5,000 hours while the other is expected to be useful for 10,000 hours. If they were both metered at 5,000 hours and were otherwise comparable, which one would you pay more for? That's the difference in value.

The appraiser will ask if there are any specific options or kits that were added to the machinery, as that will often increase the overall value due to the improved functionality, protection or other benefits it delivers to the equipment. Much like the similar equipment above, would you rather purchase a piece of equipment that has an upgraded radiator to help prevent engine overheating or a standard model? You'd prefer the upgraded equipment, of course, all other things being equal.

After this information is gathered, the appraiser will start a careful inspection of the equipment. Certain signs will be fairly apparent to them if something isn't quite right with the machinery, such as excessive control wear on a low-hours backhoe, dents and scratches on a forklift and new panels that have replaced old ones on a front end loader. These type of signs often show that the equipment may have been abused, which in turn will often shorten its useful lifespan. The appraiser will also go through your maintenance and repair logs to check that the equipment has been maintained regularly, which lengthens its overall useful lifespan.

By taking the time to have an earth moving equipment appraisal performed on your company's heavy machinery, you can discover exactly what these high-dollar assets are worth. This can make it much easier to decide when to update your equipment, how to handle a dealer who is undervaluing your machinery and many other benefits. The appraisal report will also serve as proof of value for insurance, tax, financial and legal circles, providing you with solid documentation of your company's assets.

Tags: Earth Moving Equipment Appraisal

How to Use Merger & Acquisition Fixed Asset Appraisal for Equipment in Your Business

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Oct 14, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

Mergers & Acquisitions

When you're getting ready to add another company to your umbrella or become part of a larger organization, it can seem as though there are a million tiny details to track and complete before the process can move forward. Though some of these may be options, one vital task that must take place before final negotiations is a merger & acquisition fixed asset appraisal. This process allows you to determine the value of your business' equipment before you enter into the final agreement. Because many types of machinery don't have their real value properly reflected in your accounting books, it's of vital importance that you have these items appraised. Here's more information on how to use this type of appraisal during the process.

 

How to Use Merger & Acquisition Fixed Asset Appraisal for Equipment in Your Business

Let's start for a minute by talking about how most business owners look at the value of their equipment. To start, they'll look at the accounting books. if a piece of equipment has lasted significantly longer than was expected, it may have a higher value than is shown on the books, such as a truck that has been depreciated over five years, but is still running after ten. The books do not show a value for five years, yet the truck continues to produce value for the company, and lowers the business' liabilities because it hasn't been replaced with another truck that would require a loan to be taken out. The book value is zero, so how do you determine the value of that truck? Do you look at classified ads, see what is offered by the local dealership or just take a guess at what the value is? Any of these methods can be flawed, driven by market conditions that may not favor your vehicle.

The best way to ascertain this value is through an independent asset appraisal, which tells you what the equipment is worth in the moment. This allows you to approach a merger or acquisition negotiation with a solid idea of what that equipment is worth. The appraisal report gives you a position of power from you can negotiate, allowing you to work towards a better offer for your company by establishing which company - the merger or the acquisition - has the stronger or weaker position. With this knowledge in hand, it is much easier to negotiate the best possible deal for your business, whether that has to do with retaining key employees, getting a larger profit share or similar aspects that may be very desirable for both sides. Entering into a negotiation without this information is much like going to a used car lot and expecting that you'll come out on top with no work on your part.
 

By taking the time to have a merger & acquisition fixed asset appraisal performed on your business' equipment before you get into negotiations, you'll have a much better idea of what these assets are actually worth in today's market. However, it's very important that you only work with a certified equipment appraisal specialist who has experience in your industry. By doing so, you can ensure that you're receiving an independent third-party opinion on your equipment's value, rather than a value that is influenced by the possibility of a sale or similar factor.

Tags: Appraisals for Mergers & Acquisitions

Versatile Options: How Shipping Container Valuation Helps You Get What It's Worth

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Sep 30, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

Shipping Container Appraisal

In today's world, everything is being recycled one way or another, even shipping containers. Used to move products from national and international locations, they're often left sitting empty - until recently. If you're considering selling shipping containers for some of their many uses, you could be looking at starting a lucrative side hustle for your business or a new business entirely. But how do you know how much you should charge for those containers, and how do you back up their value? Three words: shipping container valuation. Keep reading to learn more uses for shipping containers to help sell these useful containers.

 

Versatile Options: How Shipping Container Valuation Helps You Get What It's Worth

  1. Shipping, of course! If your company is regularly moving large quantities of products or materials, you can reuse shipping containers that are in good condition to continue shipping those items.
  2. Workshop space. Need to expand operations quickly or add a hobby shop in the backyard? Shipping containers give you a great way to quickly get a structure in place that you can then wire for use as a shop, whether it's for home or business use.
  3. Storage. If conditions are right in your market for buying supplies and materials, do you have a weathertight place to store them? Shipping containers are meant to keep your items protected from the elements, making them an inexpensive way to store excess material.
  4. Housing. With the modern look coming into vogue again, homes that are created from multiple shipping containers are becoming popular. Several shipping containers are joined together with shared entryways, even stacked to create multiple floors, then finished inside.
  5. Swimming pools. Shipping containers are great for creating instant pools, requiring only the addition of a liner and filtration system to work very effectively. Lower-quality containers can be used for in-ground setups.
  6. Underground shelters. Because shipping containers are designed to be tough and hold a lot of weight, they can make great tornado or storm shelters. This allows you to simply dig a hole for the container, add stairs and ventilation and then finish it out.
  7. Studios. If you need to quickly add an art studio to your home or business, a storage container can be quickly put into place with windows cut into place, electricity added and lighting to your own specifications.
  8. Semi-portable shops and cafes. If you want to set up a barbeque stand for the summer, art stand for the tourist season or any number of other retail or food uses, storage containers make a great option.

Though you can give your customers any number of ideas for your shipping containers, how do you get what they're worth? Shipping container valuation looks at a wide range of different factors that can impact your shipping containers' values, then calculates what those values are. This information is then summarized in a valuation report, which you can use to back up your asking price. This allows you to offer lower prices for shipping containers that have seen more wear and tear or higher prices for containers that are in premium condition. You'll also be able to recommend different uses based on that condition. Make sure you're working with a certified equipment appraiser to ensure that the calculated value you receive is accurate.

Tags: Shipping Container Appraisal

What's Covered in a Restaurant Personal Property & Equipment Appraisal?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Sep 16, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

restaurant FF&E valuation

You love to cook and host people at your restaurant, but sometimes the business end of your space can be frustrating. Even if you're handling your own accounting, do you know what it would cost to replace all of the items in your restaurant? Do you have sufficient insurance coverage if you have a kitchen fire or flood? One way to determine whether you are able to replace any or all of your restaurant's property and equipment is by having a restaurant personal property & equipment appraisal performed. Here's a look at what kind of items will be appraised during the process.

 

What's Covered in a Restaurant Personal Property & Equipment Appraisal?

Your restaurant has a lot of different types of property, property that can suffer losses in a number of different circumstances. Flooding can damage your tables and chairs. A fire can damage or destroy the equipment in your kitchen. Either of these circumstances can impact your real estate values, if you've chosen to purchase your business property rather than leasing it. You may have insurance to cover these losses, but how do you know how much insurance to carry in the first place to cover these different types of property?

You could start by looking at replacement value. How much will it cost to replace the equipment that's in your restaurant's kitchen? How much will it cost to try to source and replace the hand-carved chairs in your dining room? Will you need to purchase new items, or can you easily find the items you need second-hand to help reduce the cost of replacement? How do you know what these values are in the first place? The easiest approach is to have an appraisal performed on your restaurant's equipment and personal property.

When you have these items appraised, you can get a better idea of how much insurance coverage you may have. On some pieces of equipment, you may have already fully depreciated the equipment to follow a particular tax strategy, but that equipment will continue to deliver value for your restaurant for many years to come. Because you don't have to replace that equipment, it continues to have value for your business. If you were to suffer a loss due to flooding, fire or another occurrence, you would then need to pay money to replace the equipment. As you can see, basing the value of your restaurant's equipment and personal property on your tax accounting records can leave you far short of the claim you would need to file with your insurance company in case of a loss.

By having a restaurant personal property & equipment appraisal performed on your business' material goods, you can ensure that you have sufficient insurance coverage in case of a disaster. You can also use the appraisal to leverage the value of your restaurant's equipment and personal property to help secure financing, fight a property tax assessment that is incorrect or proves the value of your restaurant in court proceedings. However, to get accurate calculations, you'll want to make sure that you're working with a certified equipment appraiser. The certification process ensures that your appraiser has had training in standardized methodologies that will hold up well to strong scrutiny.

Tags: Restaurant FF&E Valuation

How Does an Insurance Claims Appraisal Help Advance Your Claim?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Sep 02, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

insurance claim appraisal

When your business suffers a loss, the insurance policies that you've been paying into are intended to cover those losses and keep you operating smoothly. However, the reality of the process sometimes falls short of your expectations. If you're dealing with an insurance claim with an adjuster who isn't seeing why your equipment is worth more than they're offering, an insurance claims appraisal can help make the process go more smoothly. Why? Here's a look at how this process works.

 

How Does an Insurance Claims Appraisal Help Advance Your Claim?

Though insurance claims adjusters have some level of specialty, such as vehicles, homes, injuries or similar areas, that doesn't mean they're a specialist for your business' specific equipment. It's very easy to mistake your machinery that has a particular option or kit added to it for one that does not, a difference that can mean your claim settlement is offered at thousands of dollars less than what your machinery is actually worth when all of those aspects are taken into account.

The claims adjuster may not have a good idea of how to evaluate the condition of your equipment, especially when it comes to determining the value of your machinery before it was damaged in a fire, flood or other devastating events. Was the equipment in that poor of condition before, or were the bare wires caused by a fire? Was it that rusty before the flood? It's very easy for an adjuster who is not accustomed to seeing your equipment in its operational state make poor decisions in trying to determine the machinery's original condition and remaining useful lifespan.

Is the claims adjuster taking into account the market conditions at the time? If your region suddenly had strong construction growth following a flood, that machinery may be worth more today than it was in the past, when construction wasn't as strong. That means that the replacement value of that piece of equipment may have gone up significantly. Your construction company may be in a worse financial situation if you accept a lower settlement on your insurance claim than what the equipment is actually worth. 

What about the kind of value the claims adjuster is calculating? If your equipment has been completely ruined beyond any hope of repair, is the adjuster calculating salvage value of what the equipment is worth for scrap and parts? Are they calculating the original value, that may leave you short of funds when it's time to replace that equipment, especially if it's been many years since it was initially purchased? Are they calculating replacement value minus what they expect the salvage value to be, leaving the old equipment for you to deal with in terms of salvage and disposal? It's important that the value that you receive when your claim is settled will actually cover the expense of replacing that equipment, including installation, shipping and similar expenses.

By having an insurance claims appraisal performed, you can ensure that your interests are being protected during the claims process. This allows you to focus on getting your business back on its feet instead of babysitting claims adjusters and the claim process. However, make sure that you're working with an accredited equipment appraiser to ensure that the appraisal report that you receive is free of the appraiser's interests.

Tags: Insurance Claim Asset Appraisal

Roll On! Using Fleet Transportation Vehicle Appraisal to Optimize Operations

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Aug 19, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

Fleet Transportation Appraisal

Is your company on the move? It's not unusual for businesses today to have a fleet of vehicles available for getting technicians to and from customer locations, making deliveries and improving brand recognition to the general public. But did you know that you can use that very functional part of your business to optimize your company's overall operations? Here's a quick look at how using a fleet transportation vehicle appraisal can help you grow your business.

 

Roll On! Using Fleet Transportation Vehicle Appraisal to Optimize Operations

Businesses have vehicle fleets to meet a number of different needs. They're used to create a unified brand image for their service vehicles while ensuring that everything their technicians need to get the job done is installed and ready to go. They're used to build brand image when luxury vehicles are driven by upper management or used to pick up other business executives at the airport prior to a big meeting. They're used to build brand recognition by the general public when they're driven down the road during everyday operations. They provide verification of intent when your delivery truck pulls up to a home or job site, setting people's mind at ease.

But over time, these vehicles wear and age. This can make it difficult to determine what their value should be on the accounting books. It's easy to simply depreciate vehicle value for tax purposes on the accounting books, but what about when you're still getting value out of that car, truck or van years after it's been fully depreciated? How do you use that value to your company's position in the market and capacity for growth?

When you're trying to secure financing to expand your operation, valuing all of your assets is important to presenting a realistic picture of your company's finances, not just the value of the assets that still have value in tax depreciation tables. Your business' vehicle fleet can be a good source of unrecorded value for your business, as it may have vehicles that have been completely depreciated but do not yet require replacement.

Knowing the value of these hidden assets allows you to leverage them to the best of your ability, whether applying for a loan or trading in a vehicle for a newer model. Unfortunately, if you choose to have the dealership you're working with determine the value, they may underestimate or overestimate the value, depending on their purposes and which option they feel will best benefit them and help close the deal. A van that could be used for years can be declared as only being fit for the junkyard, or a sedan that's truly worn out may be given a higher value to help make a sale.

By having a fleet transportation vehicle appraisal performed, you can use that information to decide when it's time to replace aging assets and when you should hang on to those assets a little longer before investing in new vehicles. However, trying to make this decision without having the level of information available in an appraisal report from an accredited equipment appraiser can make that decision difficult at best. Make sure that you're working with a properly accredited appraisal specialist to ensure that you're getting an independent opinion on the value of your fleet vehicles.

Tags: Fleet Transportation Appraisal

Growing with the Building Boom: Construction Contracting Asset Appraisal

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Aug 05, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

 

construction contracting

Despite a slight downturn in the early part of this year, construction spending is forecasted to begin climbing again. Is your business positioned to expand operations by buying new equipment, adding new crews or purchasing new software? Securing capital to deal with issues such as this often means getting a business loan. But how do you accurately estimate the value of your business assets to secure that loan or sell in favor of newer or better machinery? A construction contracting asset appraisal can help. Here's how:

Growing with the Building Increase: Construction Contracting Asset Appraisal

Working in construction demands a certain amount of market savvy to understand the cycles the industry moves in. Preparing for those changes often means having a good grasp of the value of your construction equipment assets. Why? As the equipment ages or is used on the job site, it begins to lose value. At the same time, newer, larger projects demand better equipment. It's difficult to go into the negotiating process if you don't know what your current equipment is worth and how it can be used to offset the expense of the replacement equipment.

Expanding your business means that you'll need capital, whether it's to take on new crew, buy new machinery or explore new opportunities. But where is that capital going to come from? Though you can get a business loan, if your business' credit history has had any shaky points, you may not be able to secure the best available rates. This is one area where being able to use the capital tied up in asset value can be beneficial to your company. 

A financial institution that may not be willing to issue a loan or that is charging a higher interest rate may be willing to negotiate if they feel that their interests are being protected. If you can offer substantial collateral on the loan, such as the value of your equipment assets, you're able to bring something more to the table that allows them to make a better offer.

But how do you prove exactly what your machinery is worth so that the bank feels comfortable in negotiating its loan terms with you? You could have an equipment retailer estimate the value of the machinery, but their estimate is going to be based on what their current interests are, so they may not provide you with an accurate assessment of value.

Basing your equipment values on what similar machinery is being sold for in a magazine or online will only provide you with a rough estimate and may not take the condition of the equipment into account. Working with a certified equipment appraiser is the only way to provide your financial institution with equipment values that are based on tested methodologies that will hold up to strong scrutiny in a range of situations.

By having a construction contracting asset appraisal performed on your company's essential equipment, you can use idle equipment as collateral for a loan, make smart decisions about what equipment to keep and what equipment to sell and replace or have documentation estimating the value of your machinery for an insurance claim. Whatever you decide, make sure you're working with a certified equipment appraiser to ensure that you're getting an accurate value for your construction and contracting equipment.

Tags: Construction Contracting

Exactly what happens during an aircraft appraisal?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Jul 22, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

aircraft appraisals

When it comes to machinery valuation, there are a number of aspects that set aircraft appraisal apart from other types of equipment appraisal. These differences can make a serious difference in how your aircraft equipment is valued, so it's important to have a decent grasp of what happens during the process. This allows you to use the appraisal to ensure that you can leverage the value of your equipment for a wide range of purposes, such as expansion, upgrades and sales. Here's a quick look at what happens during the appraisal process to help you know what to expect.

Exactly what happens during an aircraft appraisal?

To start, as with many pieces of equipment, the appraiser will look at the number of hours the aircraft has been used. This provides them with a baseline of information of what to expect as far as wear and tear on the engines, the time until the next overhaul and similar aspects. However, unlike other equipment, they'll also look at the number of takeoffs and landings that the aircraft has undertaken. Why? This involves the wear and tear on the aircraft's structure, as this portion of the operation cycle can take a toll on the structure itself. Generally speaking, when comparing two aircraft that are similar in hours, the aircraft that has had a recent engine overhaul and fewer takeoffs and landings will have a greater value than one that is approaching an engine overhaul and numerous takeoffs and landings.

The appraiser will also look at how well the aircraft has been maintained over time and the demand for both aircraft in general and that model in particular in the market. If demand for jets are up and you have a turboprop, that may decrease the value of your aircraft, but if it's a good model that has a constant demand, it may mitigate the depression in the market, allowing you to realize a better asking price compared to similar turboprops of different models. This allows you to maximize your equipment value without having to follow every minor shift in the market, making it easier for you to focus on doing your job.

An appraiser considers a wide range of aspects of your aircraft that you may not have even considered. Has your aircraft had a custom paint job or interior design to match your brand or style that will need to be redone to suit another client? Does it have features, such as a medical bay, which works well for your company's use but will have to be removed or renovated for a commuter company? What about the condition of the landing gear, cockpit or fuselage? These different features of your aircraft may benefit your company's marketing, purpose and bottom line, but may not benefit a future owner, aspects that must be taken into consideration by an equipment appraisal specialist.

By having a good grasp of what happens generally during an aircraft appraisal, you'll be able to leverage the value of your equipment for business growth, upgrades to your aircraft or to make an effective sale. If you don't understand the process, you'll have a harder time understanding whether the appraiser you're working with is providing you with the information you need. However, the easiest way to ensure you'll get the results you need is by working with a certified equipment appraisal specialist.

Tags: Aircraft Valuation

What exactly is involved in Marine Vessel Valuation?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Jul 08, 2019 @ 08:00 AM

Marine Vessel Valuation

When your business is on the water, knowing the value of your assets is a vital part of understanding your company's bottom line. But understanding the process of marine vessel valuation can seem like a much more complicated process. However, when you're working with an experienced certified equipment appraiser, the process is much more seamless. Here's a quick look into how the valuation of marine vessels works, whether you're looking at barges, ships, tow boats or any other type of marine vessel.

What exactly is involved in Marine Vessel Valuation?

A few decades ago, the value of a marine vessel was simple to determine - it was what you could get for it on the open market. But today's connected world has opened up new options, and with those options have come new ways to calculate the overall value of your marine vessels in a wide range of specific circumstances. This allows you a greater level of flexibility in determining what your marine vessel is worth based on your needs.

To start, a certified equipment appraiser will take a solid look at your marine vessel, in terms of the manufacturer, model and condition. If it is in good shape, it will be expected to last much longer than a similar vessel that has been abused or poorly maintained, and that superior condition is reflected in a higher overall value. The manufacturer's reputation and the performance and popularity of that specific model will also come into play, with better reputation, performance and popularity driving a higher overall value.

The next aspect of the vessel's value that will fall under consideration is the reason for valuing the equipment. If the vessel must be sold quickly to pay for other business debts, it's not unexpected that the vessel will sell for a lower value than if the vessel is sold to the right buyer at the right time or held onto while being used as collateral for a business loan. There are some circumstances where the vessel's value must be determined in a specific way, typically when it's being used as proof of value in a court of law.

The third aspect of determining the value of marine vessels is the market conditions. As an example, when trade is booming, cargo ships hold a much higher value than when the economy is poor and the vessels are not as strongly in demand for trade. However, just because trade is poor in one part of the world where you typically do business doesn't mean that you need to settle for a low price. A good equipment appraiser will take these factors into account and determine if there are other areas where your marine vessels would command a higher value, allowing you to capitalize on good trade in other areas.

By having a better understanding of how marine vessel valuation works, you'll have a better idea of what to expect when you're ready to have your marine vessel assets appraised. This allows you to ensure that your business books are accurate and up to date, so that you can leverage the value of those assets to grow your business into a promising new future. However, make sure that you're working with a certified equipment appraiser to ensure that the figures and calculations are accurate and can hold up well in a wide range of situations well into the future.

Tags: Marine Vessel Valuation