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Material Handling Equipment Valuations - Why Many Companies Need Them

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Jan 11, 2021 @ 08:00 AM

Material Handling Appraisal

 

Virtually every business in the world that manufactures, transports, warehouses or otherwise supports any tangible product needs some type of material handling equipment to manage their inventory. It is important to understand the value of these types of assets when considering any financial transaction within your business so you can be sure to get the most benefit from the utilization and strength of these long lived machines.

What Types of Machinery are Considered Material Handing?

The first thing that comes to mind when discussing material handling for most businesses is forklift trucks. Forklifts are the most common type of equipment that falls into the material handling category, however, there is a considerably diverse amount of lift equipment that belongs as well.

Forklift Trucks

Forklift trucks alone have an immensely broad range of sizes, builds, and other specifications which can be overwhelming and fall into different categories of material handling. From the smallest manual pallet jacks to the largest type of container handler, there are hundreds of makes and models in between. From lifting a 500 lb. box to a 90,000 lb. shipping container, these types of assets are critical to effectively moving product from place to place.

The most common types of forklift trucks you see generally range from 3000-15,000 lb. capacities and are used in and around warehouses, loading docks and shipping centers. The lifts can be powered by rechargeable battery, propane gas, or diesel. Several domestic and international manufacturers compete in the industry, many with solid reputations for quality, producing long life durable machinery. Even if you have a 20+-year-old forklift, as long as it has been well maintained throughout its life, you can expect it to hold value over time.

What are Other Types of Material Handling Equipment?

The answer to this question may be a little subjective depending upon the industry or business you work in. I would consider these types of equipment to be included:

  • Order Pickers
  • Narrow Aisle Reach Trucks
  • Automated Pick & Place Retrieval Conveying Systems
  • Bulk Processing Equipment (Including Conveyors, Hoppers, Elevator Lifts & Augurs)
  • Pallet Racking, Shelving & Related Storage Equipment
  • Aerial Boom Lifts
  • Certain Types of Cranes

Similar to forklift trucks, these assets are typically long lived and hold their value well over time.

In summary, always consider material handling machinery & equipment as part of your asset listing when you need an updated appraisal. When deciding to engage a professional for this task, the best choice is an accredited ASA appraiser.

Tags: valuation, forklift appraisal, certified appraisal, material handling equipment

Determining Depreciation and Useful Life for Machinery & Equipment

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Dec 28, 2020 @ 08:00 AM

Machinery Equipment Appraisers Depreciation Useful Life

When appraisers look at variables in an equipment valuation, two of the key factors taken into account are useful life and depreciation. Though the process may seem straightforward, machinery & equipment appraisers look at different characteristics that assist in determining useful life and depreciation within the current market. This differs from the prescribed approach a certified accountant takes.

Accounting Methodology of Determining Depreciation and Useful life

When it comes to capitalized machinery & equipment on a company’s books, accountants treat depreciation and useful life according to accepted principles. One such principle is the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS). This method is based around a uniform, straight line reduction in value, or depreciation, which starts with the acquisition price of the equipment and amortizes that price, or initial value, equally over a standardized term, usually five to seven years. The endpoint of the depreciation is typically zero.

An Appraiser’s Market Driven Methodology of Determining Depreciation and Useful Life

When appraisers value machinery & equipment, they research the market to find as much information as reasonably possible to estimate its current value. Depreciation and useful life are two components of this analysis, and can be determined through relevant third party sources that buy, sell and utilize the type of assets being appraised. This is a direct market derived approach to understanding these variables more in tune with the reality of how they are valued over time and how long they can reasonably be expected to operate effectively before needing major rebuilds/overhauls or retire from service entirely.

It is important to understand these factors and take them into account as part of a complete market analysis which will also include reviewing comparable sales of the equipment being appraised. Market comparable data can oftentimes be limited or inconsistent across different sources and a balanced understanding of market depreciation and useful life can complement this data and provide reasonableness checks to the comparable sales.

Developing Market Depreciation Curves for Asset Classes of Machinery & Equipment

Once an appraiser has completed a number of valuations in specific markets and industries, they can consider creating a database of values which results in the development of market driven depreciation curves that will further serve as a reasonable source of historical data to consider on future valuations. This would be similar to the concept of subscription databases that are publicly available in certain markets such as construction, automotive and over the road transportation in today’s resource networks.

In summary, when your business needs an updated true market assessment of value for their capital assets, always look to an accredited equipment appraiser to complete the assignment.

Tags: understanding fair market value, depreciation of equipment, equipment valuation, market value, useful life

Making an Equipment Donation? Use an Accredited Equipment Appraiser!

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Dec 14, 2020 @ 08:00 AM

Equipment Donation Appraisal

When you are considering donating equipment for tax purposes, no matter how much or how little you can afford to give, it usually gores toward a worthy cause and makes you feel good in the process. Many people donate cash while others choose to make a donation of property or equipment.

While giving is its own reward, the IRS also rewards those who make charitable contributions to qualified organizations. As long as you meet certain guidelines and follow basic rules, you will be able to take a deduction on your tax return for the fair market value of your donation.

Claiming a Deduction for Donated Equipment or Machinery

Individuals, partnerships, and corporations are all eligible to claim a tax deduction on their tax return for donated property such as machinery & equipment. If you donate these tangible assets, and believe the value will be in excess of $500, you are required to fill out IRS Form 8283 (Non Cash Charitable Deductions). On donations above $500, but no more than $5,000, you need to fill out Section A of Form 8283 but likely will not need to provide an equipment appraisal supporting the value. For donations where the value exceeds $5,000, you are required to fill out Section B of Form 8283 and you will need to provide an appraisal.

The IRS does not necessarily think everyone will overstate the value of their donation so they can claim a bigger deduction, but they must be able to document larger transactions using a reasonable process of independently valuing the property. The IRS generally does not question donations under $500, but you should keep records/receipts of all charitable gifts just in case they do. An equipment and machinery appraisal is required on more highly-valued items because the potential to overstate can materially reduce the amount of revenue the agency receives. 

In most cases where you need an appraisal, you do not need to attach it to Form 8283 and submit it with your return. An exception would be if your claimed donation is over $500,000. Keep the appraisal in your records just in case the IRS questions the amount of the claimed deduction.

Who is a Qualified Appraiser?

Equipment value established by an accredited equipment appraiser is more likely to be accepted as accurate by the IRS. An accredited equipment appraiser has the experience, education, and ability to perform an equipment & machinery valuation by following generally accepted appraisal standards. Accredited equipment appraisers are so designated by the American Society of Appraisers (ASA) and are compliant with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP).

In summary, do not try to save a few dollars by hiring the cheapest appraiser you can find. You should always look for an accredited equipment appraiser who has the credentials to complete a supportable assessment of your donated equipment values. Using an appraisal company that only hires accredited appraisers is the best way to assure you will receive the best bang for your buck and feel confident that you're receiving the most benefit from donation.

Tags: appraisal, accredited appraisers, equipment donations

5 Ways an Equipment Appraisal Helps in Getting Financing

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Nov 30, 2020 @ 08:30 AM

Equipment Appraisal to Secure Financing

 

Whether you are acquiring a new business, expanding your capital asset requirements or restructuring debt, searching for available financing is a critical part of the process. In any of  these cases, if your operation includes machinery & equipment, obtaining a current asset valuation will be an important step. An equipment appraisal will help document your business' assets, adjust the depreciated values on your balance sheet to realistic market data and assist potential lenders in getting your credit approved.

Here are some other benefits of having a current machinery valuation completed for financial service providers and equity investors:

An equipment appraisal provides verification of your company s existing assets. If you have equipment with existing loans & liens associated with them, the lender/investor can use the information provided in the appraisal to determine how much equity you may or may not have accrued. The appraisal also estimates the current market value of the machinery instead of relying on an internal pre-determined depreciation schedule that likely will not show an accurate picture of your business' financial health.

The appraisal supports the value of the machinery you are purchasing or refinancing. When you are considering used equipment, it can be difficult to find an objective source to assist in understanding the marketplace and how it reflects back on your business . An equipment appraiser is an unbiased third  party, with no stake in the larger transaction, and therefore, is relied upon as a credible service provider by all lending institutions.

An equipment valuation can provide this same information to related third parties such as insurance agents and property tax assessors so that you're receiving adequate coverage and not overpaying your share of taxes. This also assists the lending institutions who want to be confident they are covered in the event of any casualty loss.

Financial institutions also work with government lenders such as the Small Business Administration, who have their own set of requirements for approving loans. If you qualify for these beneficial programs, it is important to ensure you can meet these requirements for a small business loan, whether you are just starting out, expanding your company or to help with a temporary cash flow situation.

By keeping these circumstances in mind, having a machinery and equipment appraisal performed by a qualified machinery appraiser will make your financing collateral review process go much more smoothly. Make sure the equipment appraiser is a member of the American Society of Appraisers and is current with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP), which requires certified updates every two years.

Tags: Equipment Appraisal, bank loan, financing

How Equipment Appraisals Can Support the Import/Export Industry

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Mon, Nov 16, 2020 @ 08:00 AM

Machinery and Equipment Appraisal Import Export

Dealing in the international trade business, you may have a need to carefully document the current value of used machinery & equipment, especially if the bill of sale is not available. How do you support this value to ensure your assets pass through customs. One option is to obtain an equipment appraisal to back up your transaction, however, it is important the appraiser has the accreditation and experience necessary to complete the valuation.

Here are some details on how an equipment appraisal from an accredited or certified equipment appraiser can help provide documentation that will make your customs experience go more smoothly:

To avoid potential delays and troubles with the import & export customs process involving machinery & equipment, considering an appraisal that supports the current value of your assets can go a long way to alleviating this. The appraisal report follows certain methodologies and procedures that are universally recognized, giving custom’s officials a higher comfort level, leading to less scrutiny and avoiding potential delays in clearing the machinery for transit.

The legal paperwork can be overwhelming during the Import and export process, and if not completed properly, can lead to all kinds of delays and additional expenses with customs. With an equipment valuation in hand, completed by an experienced accredited appraiser, supporting the current value, you can resolve many of these situations in a timely fashion.

An accredited or certified appraisal report is better able to stand up to scrutiny than as it is clearly independent and unbiased. Working with a less experienced appraiser could lead to a higher level of scrutiny as the report will not hold up to the accepted standards used in the valuation field. The accreditation and certification process includes instruction in standardized appraisal methodology, and the appraiser signs a certification letter as part of every valuation performed.

When your business deals with machinery in the international marketplace, consider the engagement of an experienced equipment appraiser to assist you in the documentation process. At equipmentappraisal.com, we would be happy to work with you in this endeavor.

Tags: machinery appraisal, import, export, equipment valuation