Equipment Appraisal Blog | Understanding Machinery Appraisals

How does Bank Financing Collateral Really Work?

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Tue, Jan 03, 2017 @ 03:02 PM

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When you're expanding or improving your business, it's important to understand the terms of your financing agreement. With changes in the banking industry since the 2008 recession and bailouts, many businesses are looking at bank financing collateral as a possible option to consider. But how does it really work and will it cause problems down the road for your company? In this post, we'll take a solid look at how equipment appraisals should be a part of your toolkit when approaching bank financing involving collateral.

How does Bank Financing Collateral Really Work?

Banks require collateral as an insurance policy, so that they can regain any losses from a loan default by selling the collateral to make up the balance due. Though immovable assets are typically thought of as assets such as real estate, large equipment that is difficult to remove may also be considered this type of asset. Smaller pieces of equipment or equipment that is more easily moved is considered a movable asset. The bank may require that you provide a high amount or all of these assets as collateral to secure a loan. But at the same time, you don't want to risk any more of your equipment, often the very source of your income, than is absolutely necessary. What can you do to both protect your interests in your business while providing the bank with the financing it needs? One possibility is through an equipment appraisal.

Equipment appraisals are reports prepared that calculate the value of a piece or a lot of machinery. If they're prepared by a certified equipment appraiser, the report will stand up to much higher levels of scrutiny than a report or general quote developed by a dealership or other party. Why? Because a certified appraiser is taught specific, standardized methodologies to calculate the machine's value, a report prepared by them is considered more accurate and reliable than other methods of determining equipment value. These methodologies have been scrutinized in legal proceedings, financial circles, insurance claims and tax agencies and have evolved into a nationally-recognized set of standards - the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP). 

When you have an accurate valuation performed, you have a solid figure you can take to the bank when negotiating the terms of your financing. Because the report has been provided by a certified appraiser, the bank officers know that it's an accurate representation of your equipment's worth. That means that you can choose which piece of equipment you're willing to put into the agreement as collateral and which ones to protect from risk.  An accredited appraiser through organizations like the American Society of Appraisers (ASA) with the Machinery & Technical Specialties (MTS) designation must provide unbiased appraisal reports that all parties can rely on.

As you can see, using machinery valuation as part of your process for agreeing to bank financing collateral requirements can help ensure that you're only putting as much of your business assets as are necessary. Using a certified equipment appraiser helps ensure that not only are you getting accurate equipment values, but that the valuation report with stand up to strict scrutiny by your financial institution.


Tags: bank financing collateral, bank loan, used equipment, sba loan

Using an Equipment Appraisal when Preparing for Potential Sale of Equipment

Posted by Equipment Appraisal Services on Tue, Nov 01, 2016 @ 01:30 PM


When you're in business, you need to have a good idea what your bottom line is. This can be for many reasons, whether it's getting financing from the bank, correcting your books to reflect actual assets and equity or the potential sale of equipment. You need to know exactly what your equipment is worth to ensure you're getting a fair shake no matter the circumstances. But equipment appraisals can be especially helpful when you're getting ready to sell a used piece of equipment. Here's why:

Using an Equipment Appraisal when Preparing for Potential Sale of Equipment

When many businesses get ready to sell a piece of equipment, it can be for a number of reasons. It could be that the equipment is not right for the business. Maybe it's just too much or too little to work well for your operation. Another reason is that it has zeroed out in depreciation by tax accounting records. But that doesn't mean that the machinery has no serious value. When you're dealing with having to sell equipment to buy out a partner or finance a new investment, you may not know which equipment will get the job done with the least impact on your business. In all these situations, having a quality equipment appraisal performed helps ensure you get what your equipment is worth.

If you purchased a metal lathe that just isn't able to keep up with production, it's easy to undervalue it when you're selling. You may do the opposite when trying to sell a piece of equipment that is overwhelming your operation. A good equipment appraiser isn't looking at the problems this equipment is causing in your business, he or she is seeing the potential it has in other businesses. That lathe may be too small for your operation, but it's perfect for a company that does small, precision-machined components. The too-big excavator may overwhelm your construction site, but is perfect for a quarry that needs to improve production. The equipment appraiser will base the value on what's happening with that equipment across industry and help you find a fair price.

Depreciation is typically based on a pre-determined schedule laid out by the tax agency you're responding to. If you have quality equipment that has been lightly used and is in good condition, it will often have a value much higher than its depreciated value. Standardized tables and schedules don't work well if your equipment is either well cared for or poorly maintained.

When you need to sell to keep your business afloat, a quality equipment appraiser can look at your entire operation and determine which pieces of equipment should be sold to meet your obligations. Instead of having an emotional attachment to the original equipment you ordered when you opened doors, they can see that the same equipment is creating production bottlenecks or isn't able to provide the results you really need anymore. Knowing which pieces will make the difference is often all the difference between succeeding in a liquidation and closing the doors forever.

By knowing the machinery valuation, you can make sure you get a fair price for the potential sale of equipment.

Tags: equipment for sale, selling equipment, used equipment